Study of the performance impact of a cache buffer in solid-state disks

Title
Study of the performance impact of a cache buffer in solid-state disks
Author(s)
최규상온병원[온병원]
Issue Date
201103
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROSYSTEMS, v.35, no.3, pp.359 - 369
Abstract
An SSD generally has a small memory, called cache buffer, to increase its performance and the frequently accessed data are maintained in this cache buffer. These cached data must periodically write back to the NAND Flash memory to prevent the data loss due to sudden power-off, and it should immediately flush all dirty data items into a non-volatile storage media (i.e., NAND Flash memory), when receiving a flush command, while the flush command is supported in Serial ATA (SATA) and Serial Attached SCSI (SAS). Thus, a flush command is an important factor to give significant impact on SSD performance. In this paper, we have investigated the impact of a flush command on SSD performance and have conducted in-depth experiments with versatile workloads, using the modified FlashSim simulator. Our performance measurements using PC and server workloads provide several interesting conclusions. First, a cache buffer without a flush command could improve SSD performance as a cache buffer size increases, since more requested data could be handled in the cache buffer. Second, our experiments have revealed that a flush command might give a negative impact on SSD performance. The average response time per request with a flush command is getting worse compared to not supporting the flush command, as cache buffer size increases. Finally, we have proposed the backend flushing scheme to nullify the negative performance impact of the flush command. The backend flushing scheme first writes the requested data into a cache buffer and sends the acknowledgment of the request completion to a host system. Then, it writes back the data in the cache buffer to NAND Flash memory. Thus, the proposed scheme could improve SSD performance since it might reduce the number of the dirty data items in a cache buffer to write back to NAND Flash memory. All these results suggest that a flush command could give a negative impact on SSD performance and our proposed backend flushing scheme could improve the SSD performance while supporting a flush command. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/25529http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpro.2010.09.010
ISSN
0141-9331
Appears in Collections:
공과대학 > 모바일정보통신공학과 > Articles
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