Korean language education; auxiliary particles; ‘na’; semantic functions; frequency of use; grammatical terms; 한국어교육; 보조사; ‘나’; 의미기능; 사용빈도; 문법 용어
한국언어문학, no.76, pp.447 - 477
This paper aims to set up the educational information of auxiliary particle ‘na’ in Korean language education. Auxiliary particle ‘na’ has various semantic functions and is frequently used in our everyday life. However, semantic functions and learning stage of ‘na’ in 5 different Korean language textbooks are different in each textbook. Besides, the quantity of study on ‘na’ in Korean language education is very small. That is why this paper focuses on semantic functions of ‘na’ and learning stage arrangement of them.
Since the objective of Korean language education is to produce a smooth communication with native Korean speakers, semantic functions of ‘na’ and arrangement of them are fundamentally done based on plenty of examples of ‘na’ put in the Sejong balanced corpus and the frequency of use of ‘na’. This paper sets up 7 kinds of semantic functions of ‘na’ through examples of ‘na’. Finally, major forms for presenting ‘na’ and ways of explanation for teaching ‘na’, as well as semantic functions of ‘na’ are arranged into 3 learning stages of beginner, intermediate, and advanced.
Semantic functions of ‘na’ and learning stage arrangement studied in this paper are expected to help teachers present ‘na’ in a more systematic way, Korean language learners understand and produce ‘na’, and furthermore assist the compilation of textbooks and grammar dictionaries.