Electrophoretic motion of a nanorod along the axis of a nanopore under a salt gradient

Title
Electrophoretic motion of a nanorod along the axis of a nanopore under a salt gradient
Author(s)
주상우스즈첸
Keywords
CHARGED SPHERICAL-PARTICLE; ELECTRIC SURFACE PHENOMENA; DOUBLE-LAYER THICKNESS; FIBROUS POROUS-MEDIA; 2 PLANE WALLS; ELECTROLYTE-SOLUTIONS; CAPILLARY SLIT; CYLINDRICAL PARTICLES; FINE CAPILLARIES; COLLOIDAL SPHERE
Issue Date
201104
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Citation
JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE, v.356, no.1, pp.331 - 340
Abstract
The phoretic translation of a charged, elongated cylindrical nanoparticle, such as a DNA molecule and nanorod, along the axis of a nanopore driven by simultaneous axial electric field and salt concentration gradient, has been investigated using a continuum model, which consists of the Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations for the ionic concentrations and electric potential, and the Stokes equations for the hydrodynamic field. The induced particle motion includes both electrophoresis, driven by the imposed electric field, and diffusiophoresis, arising from the imposed salt concentration gradient. The particle's phoretic velocity along the axis of a nanopore is computed as functions of the imposed salt concentration gradient, the ratio of the its radius to the double-layer thickness, the nanorod's aspect ratio (length/radius), the ratio of the nanopore size to the particle size, the surface-charge density of the particle, and that of the nanopore in KCl solution. The diffusiophoresis in a nanopore mainly arises from the induced electrophoresis driven by the generated electric field, stemming from the double-layer polarization, and can be used to regulate electrophoretic translocation of a nanorod, such as a DNA molecule, through a nanopore. When both the nanorod and the nanopore wall are charged, the induced electroosmotic flow arising from the interaction of the overall electric field with the double layer adjacent to the nanopore wall has a significant effect on both electrophoresis driven by the imposed electric field and diffusiophoresis driven by the imposed salt gradient. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/25394http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2010.12.062
ISSN
0021-9797
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공과대학 > 기계공학부 > Articles
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