Korean Deaf Adolescents' Awareness of Thematic and Taxonomic Relations among Ordinary Concepts Represented by Pictures and Written Words

Title
Korean Deaf Adolescents' Awareness of Thematic and Taxonomic Relations among Ordinary Concepts Represented by Pictures and Written Words
Author(s)
이광오Li Degao[Li Degao]박운석박경희[박경희]심대택[심대택]권오구[권오구]김정연[김정연]
Keywords
MENTAL LEXICON; CHILDREN; CATEGORIES; PRESCHOOLERS; ORGANIZATION; INDIVIDUALS; TYPICALITY; MODEL
Issue Date
201106
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Citation
JOURNAL OF DEAF STUDIES AND DEAF EDUCATION, v.16, no.3, pp.375 - 391
Abstract
Individuals' relative awareness of thematic and taxonomic relations is influenced by factors such as language and background knowledge. Relatively weak in Korean language skills and also having relatively limited social opportunities, Korean deaf adolescents might be different from hearing adolescents in how they make decisions in taxonomically and thematically associated entities represented by pictures and words. Experiment 1 indicated that deaf adolescents had longer reaction times than hearing adolescents in a forced-choice decision-making task. Both deaf and hearing adolescents had shorter reaction times and higher accuracies with pictures than with words, but deaf adolescents' differences were bigger than those of hearing adolescents. Experiment 2 further showed that deaf adolescents had lower accuracies than hearing adolescents in a priming task of living-nonliving categorization. Both deaf and hearing adolescents had shorter reaction times with taxonomic than with thematic categories, but deaf adolescents' difference was bigger than that of hearing adolescents. In conclusion, Korean deaf adolescents were aware of thematic and taxonomic relations less than hearing adolescents in general. They were more likely than hearing adolescents to show the advantage of pictures over words in their performance in conceptual activities and to prefer taxonomic to thematic associations for written words in Experiment 2.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/25115http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enq065
ISSN
1081-4159
Appears in Collections:
문과대학 > 심리학과 > Articles
문과대학 > 중국언어문화학과 > Articles
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