Detection of Clopidogrel Hyporesponsiveness Using a Point-of-Care Assay and the Impact of Additional Cilostazol Administration after Coronary Stent Implantation in Diabetic Patients

Title
Detection of Clopidogrel Hyporesponsiveness Using a Point-of-Care Assay and the Impact of Additional Cilostazol Administration after Coronary Stent Implantation in Diabetic Patients
Author(s)
박종선김웅홍그루신동구김영조양태현[양태현]김두일[김두일]장재식[장재식]설상훈[설상훈]김대경[김대경]김동기[김동기]조윤경[조윤경]남창욱[남창욱]허승호[허승호]김권배[김권배]김동수[김동수]
Keywords
Cilostazol; Clopidogrel; Diabetes mellitus; Platelet function tests; Point-of-care systems
Issue Date
201106
Publisher
대한내과학회
Citation
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine, v.26, no.2, pp.145 - 152
Abstract
Background/Aims: Impaired responsiveness to clopidogrel is common in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical application of a point-of-care assay to detect impaired responsiveness to clopidogrel after coronary stent implantation in patients with type 2 DM. Methods: We measured P2Y12 reaction units (PRU) with the VerifyNow point-of-care assay in 544 consecutive patients undergoing dual or triple (i.e., dual plus cilostazol) anti-platelet therapy after coronary stent implantation. High platelet reactivity (HPR) was defined as a PRU value ≥ 240. Results: The mean PRU values were 233.5 ± 83.2 and 190.3 ± 85.5 in patients undergoing dual or triple anti-platelet therapy, respectively (p < 0.001). Patients with DM manifested higher post treatment PRU values (238.3 ± 82.4 vs. 210.8 86.8, p = 0.001) and a higher frequency of HPR (44.8% vs. 31.0%, p = 0.003) as compared to patients without DM. We also found that higher PRU values and a higher frequency of HPR were present in patients with DM who were undergoing both triple and dual anti-platelet therapy. However, the higher post-treatment PRU values observed in patients with DM decreased with triple anti-platelet therapy (219.4 ± 82.5 vs. 247.9 ± 81.1, p = 0.044). Conclusions: A point-of-care assay can detect elevated platelet reactivity and impaired responsiveness to clopidogrel in patients with type 2 DM. The addition of cilostazol to dual anti-platelet therapy may decrease post-treatment PRU values in patients with type 2 DM.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/25050
ISSN
1226-3303
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 내과학교실 > Articles
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE