허먼 멜빌의 『사기꾼』에 나타나는 외양의 균열: “극소의 차이”에 대한 라깡과 지젝의 사유를 중심으로

Title
허먼 멜빌의 『사기꾼』에 나타나는 외양의 균열: “극소의 차이”에 대한 라깡과 지젝의 사유를 중심으로
Other Titles
The Rupture of Appearance in Herman Melville’s The Confidence-Man: With Lacan and Žižek’s Speculation on “Minimal Difference”
Author(s)
정진만
Keywords
Melville; Lacan; Žižek; appearance; minimal difference; gaze; enunciation; binary signifier; vanishing mediator; Melville; Lacan; Žižek; appearance; minimal difference; gaze; enunciation; binary signifier; vanishing mediator; 멜빌; 라깡; 지젝; 외양; 극소의 차이; 응시; 언술; 이원적 기표; 사라지는 매개자
Issue Date
201106
Publisher
한국비평이론학회
Citation
비평과이론, v.16, no.1, pp.187 - 212
Abstract
This essay investigates Herman Melville’s epistemology of subjectivity and the world, revealed in his representations of “appearance” in The Confidence-Man: His Masquerade. Unlike his previous work Moby-Dick, engaged significantly in Kantian philosophy despite the author’s cautioning against Ahab’s monomaniacal pursuit of the transcendental truth, The Confidence-Man shows the author’s striking turn from his previous metaphysical, hierarchical, and binary frame of truth/appearance, embracing the latter as a new embodiment of truth, as implied in the subtitle of the work: “masquerade.” However, Melville’s recognition of appearance differs from postmodern simulacrum because his portrayal of “appearance” features its own inconsistency “immanent” in it. In order to explore pertinently the complexity of Melville’s epistemological implications of “appearance” in The Confidence-Man, this study is largely indebted to Jacques Lacan and Slavoj Žižek's psychoanalytic arguments of “minimal difference,” commonly emphasized in their theories of (1) the inner disparity of eye/gaze, (2) the difference between the subject of the enunciated and the subject of the enunciation, and (3) the logic of signifiers. This study helps recognize the author’s insightful perception of subjectivity and the world entangled with ideology as a veil covering the uncomfortable but undeniable real of antagonism and the relation of nonrelation.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/24921
ISSN
1598-9089
Appears in Collections:
문과대학 > 영어영문학과 > Articles
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