The use of glass substrates with bi-functional silanes for designing micropatterned cell-secreted cytokine immunoassays

Title
The use of glass substrates with bi-functional silanes for designing micropatterned cell-secreted cytokine immunoassays
Author(s)
서정현리정첸[리정첸]버커트로프[버커트로프]슈바이커트[슈바이커트]알렉산더레브진[알렉산더레브진]
Keywords
ION MASS-SPECTROMETRY; T-CELLS; MYCOBACTERIUM-TUBERCULOSIS; CYTOMETRY PLATFORM; SOFT LITHOGRAPHY; BLOOD; MONOLAYERS; RESPONSES; ARRAYS; PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY
Issue Date
201108
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
BIOMATERIALS, v.32, no.23, pp.5478 - 5488
Abstract
It is often desirable to sequester cells in specific locations on the surface and to integrate sensing elements next to the cells. In the present study, surfaces were fabricated so as to position cytokine sensing domains inside non-fouling poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel microwells. Our aim was to increase sensitivity of micropatterned cytokine immunoassays through covalent attachment of biorecognition molecules. To achieve this, glass substrates were functionalized with a binary mixture of acrylate- and thiol-terminated methoxysilanes. During subsequent hydrogel photopatterning steps, acrylate moieties served to anchor hydrogel microwells to glass substrates. Importantly, glass attachment sites within the microwells contained thiol groups that could be activated with a hetero-bifunctional cross-linker for covalent immobilization of proteins. After incubation with fluorescently-labeled avidin, microwells fabricated on a mixed acryl/thiol silane layer emitted similar to 6 times more fluorescence compared to microwells fabricated on an acryl silane alone. This result highlighted the advantages of covalent attachment of avidin inside the microwells. To create cytokine immunoassays, micropatterned surfaces were incubated with biotinylated IFN-gamma or TNF-alpha antibodies (Abs). Micropatterned immunoassays prepared in this manner were sensitive down to 1 ng/ml or 60 pM IFN-gamma. To further prove utility of this biointerface design, macrophages were seeded into 30 mu m diameter microwells fabricated on either bifunctional (acryl/thiol) or mono-functional silane layers. Both types of microwells were coated with avidin and biotin-anti-TNF-alpha, prior to cell seeding. Short mitogenic activation followed by immunostaining for TNF-alpha revealed that microwells created on bi-functional silane layer had 3 times higher signal due to macrophage-secreted TNF-alpha compared to microwells fabricated on mono-functional silane. The rational design of cytokine-sensing surfaces described here, will be leveraged in the future for rapid detection of multiple cytokines secreted by individual immune cells. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/24803http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2011.04.026
ISSN
0142-9612
Appears in Collections:
공과대학 > 화학공학부 > Articles
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE