Political Regime; Pure Presidential Regime; Rational Presidential Regime; Semi- Presidential Regime; South Korea; 정치제도; 정부형태; 순수대통령제; 분권적 대통령제; 합리적 대통령제
세계헌법연구, v.17, no.2, pp.539 - 564
In Korea, the present Korean Constitution has certainly contributed to the development of democracy. However, it is also responsible for two major weaknesses: presidential pre-eminence on account of a presidential regime with certain elements of a parliamentary regime, and, occasional political deadlock through populism.
Two important models, the pure presidential regime and the rational presidential regime are suggested for revision by the Commission for the Study of the Constitution set up by the President of the National Assembly.
Korea must consolidate its democratic justification (legitimacy) as strongly as possible, with two legitimacies rather than one (that of a classic parliamentary system based on National Sovereignty). Two political regimes – a pure presidential regime and a rational presidential regime – have double legitimacies. As Korea is a unitary state and not a federal one like the US pure presidential regime. The solution of the rational regime seems better adapted.