Efficacy and cost analysis of transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy under monitored anesthesia

Title
Efficacy and cost analysis of transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy under monitored anesthesia
Author(s)
고영휘Cheon, Jun[Cheon, Jun]Kang, Sung Gu[Kang, Sung Gu]Min, Sam Hong[Min, Sam Hong]Kang, Seok Ho[Kang, Seok Ho]Lee, Jeong Gu[Lee, Jeong Gu]Kim, Je Jong[Kim, Je Jong]Tae, Bum Sik[Tae, Bum Sik]
Keywords
LOCAL-ANESTHESIA; SEDATION; PROPOFOL; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MIDAZOLAM; RECOVERY; INFUSION
Issue Date
201109
Publisher
MEDKNOW PUBLICATIONS & MEDIA PVT LTD
Citation
ASIAN JOURNAL OF ANDROLOGY, v.13, no.5, pp.724 - 727
Abstract
Sedation may result in reduction in pain during transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsies. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a combination of propofol and remifentanil infusion during TRUS-guided prostate biopsy and the related increases in health care costs. From January to September 2010, 100 men undergoing a transrectal prostate biopsy were randomized into two groups. In Group 1, 50 patients received a combined infusion of propofol and remifentanil; in Group 2, 50 patients received lidocaine jelly. After TRUS-guided biopsies were performed, pain and patient satisfaction were evaluated by a 10-point visual analog scale (VAS), and a cost-related patient satisfaction questionnaire was completed by all patients. Patients were also asked whether they would be willing to undergo repeat biopsy by the same method. Patients in Group 1 showed a significantly lower VAS score than those in Group 2 (mean VAS score: 0.9 +/- 1.1 versus 6.3 +/- 2.5; P<0.001). In addition, the patient satisfaction scale was significantly higher in Group 1 (P=0.002). Although the overall cost was significantly higher in Group 1 (P=0.006), patient satisfaction scales considering cost were also higher in this group (P=0.009). A combination of propofol and remifentanil is a safe and effective way to decrease patient pain and increase patient satisfaction during TRUS-guided prostate biopsy. Although the costs were higher in the group that received sedation, as expected, the patients exhibited heightened satisfaction and willingness to repeat biopsies by the same method. Asian Journal of Andrology (2011) 13, 724-727; doi:10.1038/aja.2011.16; published online 30 May 2011
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/24628http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/aja.2011.16
ISSN
1008-682X
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의과대학 > 비뇨기과학교실 > Articles
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