Income-related health inequalities across regions in Korea

Title
Income-related health inequalities across regions in Korea
Author(s)
안병철홍은주[홍은주]
Keywords
GINI COEFFICIENT; STANDARD ERROR; CHINA; CARE; EDUCATION
Issue Date
201110
Publisher
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Citation
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR EQUITY IN HEALTH, v.10
Abstract
Introduction: In addition to economic inequalities, there has been growing concern over socioeconomic inequalities in health across income levels and/or regions. This study measures income-related health inequalities within and between regions and assesses the possibility of convergence of socioeconomic inequalities in health as regional incomes converge. Methods: We considered a total of 45,233 subjects (>= 19 years) drawn from the four waves of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). We considered true health as a latent variable following a lognormal distribution. We obtained ill-health scores by matching self-rated health (SRH) to its distribution and used the Gini Coefficient (GC) and an income-related ill-health Concentration Index (CI) to examine inequalities in income and health, respectively. Results: The GC estimates were 0.3763 and 0.0657 for overall and spatial inequalities, respectively. The overall CI was -0.1309, and the spatial CI was -0.0473. The spatial GC and CI estimates were smaller than their counterparts, indicating substantial inequalities in income (from 0.3199 in Daejeon to 0.4233 Chungnam) and income-related health inequalities (from -0.1596 in Jeju and -0.0844 in Ulsan) within regions. The results indicate a positive relationship between the GC and the average ill-health and a negative relationship between the CI and the average ill-health. Those regions with a low level of health tended to show an unequal distribution of income and health. In addition, there was a negative relationship between the GC and the CI, that is, the larger the income inequalities, the larger the health inequalities were. The GC was negatively related to the average regional income, indicating that an increase in a region's average income reduced income inequalities in the region. On the other hand, the CI showed a positive relationship, indicating that an increase in a region's average income reduced health inequalities in the region. Conclusion: The results suggest that reducing health inequalities across regions require a more equitable distribution of income and a higher level of average income and that the higher the region's average income, the smaller its health inequalities are.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/24409http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-10-41
ISSN
1475-9276
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상경대학 > 경제금융학부 > Articles
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