Recovery of the corticospinal tract after injury by transtentorial herniation: A case report
- Recovery of the corticospinal tract after injury by transtentorial herniation: A case report
- 장성호; 권혁규; 이동규; 최병연; 장철훈; 김성호
- TRAUMATIC BRAIN-INJURY; TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION; DIFFUSION TENSOR TRACTOGRAPHY; CLINICAL-APPLICATION; HEMORRHAGE; MECHANISM; STROKE
- Issue Date
- IOS PRESS
- NEUROREHABILITATION, v.29, no.3, pp.243 - 246
- Little is known about recovery of the corticospinal tract (CST) after injury by transtentorial herniation (TH). We present with a patient who showed recovery of the CST after injury by TH, using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). A 69-year-old female underwent craniotomy and drainage of an intracerebral hemorrhage in the left corona radiata and basal ganglia. Brain CT showed left TH and brain MRI revealed a leukomalactic lesion at the left cerebral peduncle. The patient presented with complete paralysis of the right extremities at ICH onset, but slowly recovered some function to the point of being able to move the affected extremities against gravity at about 6 months after onset. Three-week DTT showed disruption of the left CST below the cerebral peduncle; however, this disruption was recovered on 1-year DTT. Three-week TMS showed no motor evoked potential for the affected hemisphere; in contrast, motor evoked potentials that were compatible with regenerated CST were obtained from the affected hand muscle at 6 months. Using DTT and TMS in a patient with ICH, we demonstrated recovery of the CST after injury by TH.
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