Inhibition of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Attenuates Monosodium Urate-induced Inflammation in Mice
- Inhibition of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Attenuates Monosodium Urate-induced Inflammation in Mice
- 주태진; 단진명[단진명]; 조영제[조영제]; 박소영
- CRYSTAL-INDUCED INFLAMMATION; ACTIVATED PROTEIN-KINASE; NECROSIS-FACTOR-ALPHA; NF-KAPPA-B; RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS; GOUTY-ARTHRITIS; INSULIN-RESISTANCE; IN-VITRO; EXPRESSION; CELLS
- Issue Date
- KOREAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY & PHARMACOLOGY
- KOREAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY & PHARMACOLOGY, v.15, no.6, pp.363 - 369
- The present study elucidated the effect of the selective inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitor N(6)-(1-iminoethyl)-L-lysine (L-NIL) on monosodium urate (MSU) crystal-induced inflammation and edema in mice feet. L-NIL (5 or 10 mg/kg/day) was administered intraperitoneally 4 h before injection of MSU (4 mg) into the soles of mice hindlimb feet. Twenty-four hours after MSU injection, foot thickness was increased by 160% and L-NIL pretreatment reduced food pad swelling in a dose dependent manner. Pretreatment of 10 mg/kg/day L-NIL significantly suppressed the foot pad swelling by MSU. Plasma level of nitric oxide (NO) metabolites and gene expression and protein level of iNOS in feet were increased by MSU, which was suppressed by L-NIL pretreatment. Similar pattern of change was observed in nitrotyrosine level. MSU increased the gene expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- alpha and interleukin (IL)-1 beta and L-NIL pretreatment suppressed MSU-induced cytokines expression. The mRNA levels of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase1 were increased by MSU and L-NIL pretreatment normalized the gene expression. Phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and p38 was increased by MSU, which was suppressed by L-NIL pretreatment. The mRNA levels of iNOS, TNF- alpha, and IL-1 beta were increased by MSU in human dermal fibroblasts, C2C12 myoblasts, and human fetal osteoblasts in vitro, which was attenuated by L-NIL in a dose dependent manner. This study shows that L-NIL inhibits MSU-induced inflammation and edema in mice feet suggesting that iNOS might be involved in MSU-induced inflammation.
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