구강체조를 통한 대도시 재가노인의 구강기능과 영양상태의 개선

Title
구강체조를 통한 대도시 재가노인의 구강기능과 영양상태의 개선
Other Titles
The effect of orophysical exercise for the elderly on oral function and nutrient intake
Author(s)
이희경김영재[김영재]김지윤최연희[최연희]
Keywords
구강기능; 구강체조; 영양상태; 재가노인; oral exercise; oral function; nutrient intake; the elderly
Issue Date
201112
Publisher
대한예방치과·구강보건학회
Citation
대한구강보건학회지, v.35, no.4, pp.414 - 422
Abstract
Objectives.This study was conducted to be used as basic data for developing an oral health management program appropriate for the current state of the elderly in Korea to improve their oral function and nutrient state. Methods.The subjects were 97 elderly persons from the Seo-gu division of Daegu city who were divided into 2 groups, the intervention group (50) and the control group (47). The intervention group performed an oral exercise two times per week for 3 months (from September 2008 to December 2008) and the effects were investigated by a questionnaire survey, oral examination and oral function test before and after performing the three-month oral exercise program. Results.Before performing the oral exercise, there was no significant difference between the control and the intervention groups in general characteristics, oral functional condition and nutrient intake. However, after the three-month program, the frequency of repetitive swallowing, amount of saliva and degree of mouth opening in the intervention group increased significantly (p<0.01). When the effect of controlling the frequency, amount of saliva and degree of mouth opening was evaluated before performing the oral exercise, there was a significant difference between the two groups (p<0.01). Also, the amount of nutrient intake in the intervention group increased significantly (p<0.01). When the effect of controlling the amount of nutrient intake before carrying out the management program was examined, a significant difference was observed between the two groups (p<0.01). Conclusions.From these results, we conclude that the three-month oral exercise program enhances oral function and nutrient intake in the elderly. Therefore, these results were thought to be used as important basic data for developing an oral health management program for elderly patients who need long-term care.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/23968
ISSN
1225-388X
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의과대학 > 치과학교실 > Articles
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