Effects of Adult Attachment and Emotional Distractors on Brain Mechanisms of Cognitive Control

Title
Effects of Adult Attachment and Emotional Distractors on Brain Mechanisms of Cognitive Control
Author(s)
최은실Warren, Stacie L.[Warren, Stacie L.]Heller, Wendy[Heller, Wendy]Bost, Kelly K.[Bost, Kelly K.]Roisman, Glenn I[Roisman, Glenn I]Silton, Rebecca Levin[Silton, Rebecca Levin]Spielberg, Jeffrey M.[Spielberg, Jeffrey M.]Engels, Anna S.[Engels, Anna S.]Sutton, Bradley P.[Sutton, Bradley P.]Miller, Gregory A.[Miller, Gregory A.]
Keywords
WORKING-MEMORY; ANXIETY; DEPRESSION; CORTEX; PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; REPRESENTATION; PERSPECTIVE; PERFORMANCE; DIMENSIONS
Issue Date
201011
Publisher
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Citation
PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, v.21, no.12, pp.1818 - 1826
Abstract
Using data from 34 participants who completed an emotion-word Stroop task during functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined the effects of adult attachment on neural activity associated with top-down cognitive control in the presence of emotional distractors. Individuals with lower levels of secure-base-script knowledge-reflected in an adult's inability to generate narratives in which attachment-related threats are recognized, competent help is provided, and the problem is resolved-demonstrated more activity in prefrontal cortical regions associated with emotion regulation (e.g., right orbitofrontal cortex) and with top-down cognitive control (left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, and superior frontal gyrus). Less efficient performance and related increases in brain activity suggest that insecure attachment involves a vulnerability to distraction by attachment-relevant emotional information and that greater cognitive control is required to attend to task-relevant, nonemotional information. These results contribute to the understanding of mechanisms through which attachment-related experiences may influence developmental adaptation.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/23373http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797610388809
ISSN
0956-7976
Appears in Collections:
생활과학대학 > 가족주거학과 > Articles
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