Optimization and characterization of rhamnolipid biosurfactant from sponge associated marine fungi Aspergillus sp MSF1

Title
Optimization and characterization of rhamnolipid biosurfactant from sponge associated marine fungi Aspergillus sp MSF1
Author(s)
아크베르이드하야둘라G.Seghal Kiran[G.Seghal Kiran]N.Thajuddin[N.Thajuddin]T.A.Hema[T.A.Hema]R.Surendra Kumar[R.Surendra Kumar]Joseph Selvin[Joseph Selvin]
Keywords
BACILLUS-SUBTILIS; MICROORGANISMS; STRAIN; SURFACTIN; BACTERIA
Issue Date
201012
Publisher
DESALINATION PUBL
Citation
DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT, v.24, no.1-3, pp.257 - 265
Abstract
A sponge associated hydrocarbon emulsifying marine fungi Aspergillus sp. MSF1 was isolated from the marine sponge Dendrilla nigra. Production of biosurfactant was confirmed with different screening methods including hemolytic activity, oil displacement test, drop collapsing test, and emulsification index. The production was optimized under submerged fermentation conditions. An enhanced biosurfactant production was achieved with pH 7, 30 degrees C, 2% NaCl, 1% MgCl2, 1% asparagine and glucose and yeast extract as carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively. Among the different media, the Sabouraud's dextrose broth showed the highest emulsification activity. The surface active compound was separated using three step differential solvents fractionation and the active fraction was obtained in diethyl ether. Based on the estimation of macromolecules, TLC, FTIR and HPLC analysis, the surface active compound was characterized as rhamnolipid. Emulsification activity of the cell free supernatant and different solvent extracts were compared with chemical surfactants including SDS and Tween80. The surface active compound showed potential activity against the pathogenic yeast Candida albicans and Gram negative bacteria.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/23278http://dx.doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2010.1569
ISSN
1944-3994
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공과대학 > 화학공학부 > Articles
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