Interfacial electronic structure and ion beam induced effect of anatase TiO2 surface modified by Pd nanoparticles

Title
Interfacial electronic structure and ion beam induced effect of anatase TiO2 surface modified by Pd nanoparticles
Author(s)
손영구
Keywords
LOW-TEMPERATURE; WATER; OXIDE; PHOTOCATALYSIS; OXIDATION; CATALYSTS; SUPPORT; FILMS; TIO2(110); PD/TIO2/AL2O3
Issue Date
201012
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, v.257, no.5, pp.1692 - 1697
Abstract
Anatase TiO2 surface could be modified by Pd nanoparticles using an electrochemical deposition method. Surface morphology, light absorption and interfacial electronic structures were studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), UV-visible reflectance absorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD) crystallography, and depth-profiling X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). On the basis of XRD patterns, Pd 3d XPS and valance band spectra, the as-deposited overlayer Pd is metallic, with no detectable Pd oxides. The optical band gap of TiO2 decreases from 3.25 to 3.14 eV upon Pd deposition. The XPS spectra with Ar+ ion sputtering show that 4+ oxidation state of Ti dramatically changes to lower (3+ and 2+) oxidation states. As a result of this, oxygen defects are created in the bulk while the oxygen diffuses outward to likely form hydroxyl group on the surface. The Pd 3d XPS peak shifts by +0.6 eV to a higher BE position, and the density of state at the Fermi level is more or less reduced. It appears that the overlayer Pd becomes less metallic, plausibly due to TiO2 support and/or size effect. No critical interfacial interaction between Pd and TiO2 was observed by XPS. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/23258http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2010.08.124
ISSN
0169-4332
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이과대학 > 화학생화학부 > Articles
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