Performance characteristics of a supplementary stack-cooling system for fuel-cell vehicles using a carbon dioxide air-conditioning unit

Title
Performance characteristics of a supplementary stack-cooling system for fuel-cell vehicles using a carbon dioxide air-conditioning unit
Author(s)
김성철박종철[박종철]김민수[김민수]
Keywords
CO2
Issue Date
201012
Publisher
KOREAN SOC AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERS
Citation
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY, v.11, no.6, pp.893 - 900
Abstract
In fuel-cell-powered vehicles, the fuel-cell system requires a thermal-management subsystem to dissipate heat released during the reaction of hydrogen with oxygen. When the stack generates power at a high rate, a large amount of heat is also generated. If cooling by the radiator is insufficient, a supplementary stack-cooling system is needed to maintain a safe operating temperature. In this study, the performance of a CO(2) air-conditioning unit for stack cooling was investigated under various conditions, and the relationship between cabin cooling and stack cooling was also studied. The coefficient of performance (COP) increased from 1.9 to 2.4, with an increase in cabin-air inlet flow rate from 0 to 8 m(3)/min. When the air-conditioning unit was turned off, the cooling capacity of the stack cooler was increased; correspondingly, as the cabin-cooling capacity was increased, that of the stack cooler decreased. With an increase in ambient-air inlet temperature from 38A degrees C to 45A degrees C, the COP decreased by 24%. Additionally, both the stack-cooling capacity and cabin-cooling capacity were decreased by about 12% and 16%, respectively, due to reduced heat transfer in the gas cooler as the ambient air inlet temperature was increased. It is expected that the experimental results can serve as a resource in designing a stack-cooling system using a CO(2) air-conditioning unit to enhance stack power generation and efficiency.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/23244http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12239-010-0106-1
ISSN
1229-9138
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공과대학 > 기계공학부 > Articles
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