Objectives.Metabolic syndrome (MS) is becoming a common disorder worldwide. Preventing metabolic syndrome is important because the presence of multiple MS components increases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to assess the association of between MS and gingivitis in youth.
Methods.A total of 947 subjects (513 boys and 432 girls) who underwent medical and dental checkups with all MS components was final sample size from data analysis from the fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We examined the relationship between each component and the number of positive components of MS (central obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, hypertension, insulin resistance) and gingivitis status using the Community Periodontal Index. The logistic regression models were build odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculation using SPSS 17.0 program.
Results.Of the five components of MS, low HDL cholesterol level and high blood pressure were each significantly related with having gingivitis. Logistic regression analysis for full model including all metabolic syndrome components and other risk factors the OR for low HDL-cholesterol was 1.52 significantly and the OR for high blood pressure was 1.38.
Conclusions.Gingivitis was positively associated with MS in Korean, suggesting that further studies should be needed to investigate causal relationship.