Modern Tourism in Austria and the British Isles and Ulysses: Dublin Tourism in “Eumaeus”

Modern Tourism in Austria and the British Isles and Ulysses: Dublin Tourism in “Eumaeus”
Austrian Riviera; British seaside publicity; Dublin; Hall Caine; Isle of Man; Joyce; modern tourism; “Those Lovely Seaside Girls; ” Trieste; Ulysses
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제임스조이스저널, v.16, no.2, pp.177 - 199
Joyce’s Ulysses, which narrates the city of Dublin and the people, was influenced by the ambience of the Austrian city where he began writing the book. Inspired by the prosperity of Austrian Trieste as the second busiest port in the Mediterranean, Joyce was concerned with the revival of Ireland’s and Dublin’s economy. In particular, Austrian seaside tourism, developed in the Istria peninsula south of Trieste and reaching its peak in the early twentieth century, was viewed as the modern industry representing an essential national interest. In this respect, it is arguable that Ulysses, as a detailed writing about Dublin as explored by the advertising salesman Bloom, suggests Dublin tourism as a means of booming the city’s economy or carrying out economic patriotism, which Bloom expostulates in “Eumaeus.”Notably, British seaside tourism was well established in the mid-nineteenth century, as the term “tourism” had been coined earlier in England. It is not casual, then, that the English song “Those Lovely Seaside Girls,” as one of Joyce’s recurring themes, is frequently mentioned in Ulysses. Bloom’s dream of a concert tour of English seaside resorts is clearly induced by English seaside publicity, including the popular song about seaside girls. Furthermore, the Isle of Man’s tourism is worth noting, as the self-governing Island served as a model for Irish home rule. Interestingly, the Manx novelist Hall Caine contributed to promoting the Island’s tourism through his novels. The author-publicist Hall Caine may have served as a model for Joyce, whose Ulysses suggests the metropolitan tourism of Dublin. In contrast to the image of a rural, romantic Ireland that was espoused by Irish tourism in the early twentieth century, Joyce’s book of Dublin tourism, which finally boomed in the last decade of the century, advocated an urban, modern Ireland.
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