The purpose of this study is to ap.prehend the ideological and social discussion of making lime plaster flooring in burial holes in tombs during Joseon Dynasty and to show the idea on the relationship among the earth energy of feng shui(風水) and the finishing in burial holes using material such as earth, lime plaster and stone.
The lime plaster flooring in royal tomb seemed to be made first time in 1673 in Yeongneung(寧陵) or Hyojong(孝宗)‘s tomb and became a part of formal royal tombs afterward, because Song Siyeol contended to obey Zhuzi(朱子)’s proprieties on burial hole flooring. Its standard thickness, three cun(寸) or three chi(치) also seemed to be decided at the same time. Before that, only earth and sand was floored in burial holes of Joseon royal tombs because feng shui experts argued that stone or lime plaster flooring blocked earth energy. At that time, both earth and lime plaster flooring had multiple meaning in the ideological debate on funeral. Earth was pollutant against corpse in neo-Confucian proprieties, but it was the origin of earth energy in feng shui theory. Unlike Feng shui experts, neo-Confucians asserted that lime plaster flooring was the only proper protection for corpse and didn't cut off earth energy at all. However, lots of neo-Confucian nobilities were short of information and experience of constructing lime plaster flooring in burial holes, thus some of them compromised between proprieties and feng shui theories, and anothers failed totally when they made finishing of the burial holes for their own families' tombs.